Robert W. Gwadz, PhD, Captain, US Public Health Service (ret) is a Visiting Professor in the Collegium Medicum of The Jagiellonian University, Krakow, Poland. He is former Assistant Chief of the Laboratory of Malaria and Vector Research, NIAID, NIH. Dr. Gwadz is an Honorary Fellow of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, a Fellow of The Ain Shams University of Cairo, Egypt, a Chevalier of the Nation of the Republic of Mali and a recipient of the medal "Plus ratio quad vis" from the Jagiellonian University.